AMD vs Nvidia GPUs in 2022

  March 14, 2022

AMD vs Nvidia GPUs in 2022

AMD and Nvidia are two of the staunchest opponents in computing.

Having survived the royal-rumble-like 1990s of graphics card manufacturing, these two industry titans were for many years the only two options when it came to PC graphics. Though Intel is looking to play third-wheel later in 2022, AMD and Nvidia are likely to remain the two most popular and viable solutions to graphics cards for gaming for years to come.

They remain hotly competitive with one another, too. Despite Nvidia having a much greater market share overall, and AMD’s past generations of cards failing to provide credible competition at the very top end of GPU performance, the latest generations trade blows in almost every respect.

If you want a graphics card in 2022, AMD and Nvidia have a solution for you, whatever your budget. This makes for some intriguing head to heads amongst graphics cards, and a plethora of choices for anyone looking to upgrade their gaming experience.

AMD vs Nvidia – The Latest Generations

AMD and Nvidia logos side by side

AMD and Nvidia may have been the two major options for graphics cards for over two decades, but they haven’t always been viable alternatives to one another.

Only going back two generations to Nvidia’s GTX 10-series GPUs, the 1080 Ti was a standout graphics card that easily beat out AMD’s top-of-the-line Vega 56 and 64 graphics cards, leaving no credible competition at the top end.

Add to that, AMD’s GPUs ran hotter and were more power-hungry than Nvidia’s best GPUs. This made them much less enticing options for prospective GPU buyers, especially at the top end.

Then the RTX 2000 series from Nvidia introduced ray tracing. And though AMD’s RX 5000 graphics cards using the first-generation RDNA architecture offered big improvements in performance per watt, with greater efficiency than anything AMD had managed before, they still couldn’t catch the top-tier RTX 2080, or 2080 Ti GPUs.

AMD also didn’t offer anything in the way of ray tracing acceleration, or dynamic upscaling. This left Nvidia alone to offer hardware-accelerated ray tracing support with its RT cores, and deep learning super sampling (DLSS) with its Tensor cores.

Those features weren’t as important then as they are now, but over that generation’s lifespan, the lack of these features on AMD hardware began to stand out.

However, that all changed with the launch of the new generation Nvidia RTX 3000 and AMD RX 6000 graphics cards in 2020.

With it, Nvidia massively increased performance over the previous generation of RTX 2000 GPUs, with its new Ampere architecture boosting CUDA core counts significantly, as well as using much faster GDDR6X memory. It also introduced a third generation of Tensor cores and a second generation of RT cores. Each of which offered significantly improved performance over their predecessors.

AMD Stepped Their Game Up

AMD’s response was arguably more impressive.

It again made major leaps in performance per Watt with the launch of its RX 6000 RDNA 2 graphics cards. But, where that meant competition at the mid-range for RDNA, RDNA 2 enjoyed a much wider product stack and therefore much greater competition throughout the price to performance spectrum.

Just as important, however, was the introduction of AMD’s ray accelerators.

They aren’t dedicated hardware like Nvidia’s RT cores, but instead introduced changes to its compute unit that allow for the acceleration of ray tracing calculations, as well as applying a de-noising effect to scenes with ray-traced lighting applied. Although AMD’s solution isn’t as powerful as Nvidia’s, the ray accelerators are enough to support ray tracing in compatible games, bringing AMD and Nvidia GPUs to feature parity.

In 2021, AMD also introduced FidelityFX Super Resolution, and more recently, Radeon Super Resolution. These dynamic upscaling solutions provide a big uplift in frame rates in compatible games, without compromising visual fidelity too much.

Although arguably not as nuanced, or as visually impressive as Nvidia’s DLSS, FSR and RSR make it possible for AMD gamers to improve performance dramatically in a similar manner. That again, makes the feature difference between Nvidia and AMD graphics cards far less stark this generation.

Entry-Level GPUs

Image of an Nvidia 3060 Ti GPU against a black background, with its 2 fans facing up
Image source: Nvidia

Although AMD and Nvidia may have launched their new-generation graphics cards with the most high-end models, they would later go on to launch much more modest versions of their RX 6000 and RTX 3000 graphics cards.

These provide much more affordable solutions for those looking to play games or upgrade their older systems, to new generation hardware.

Nvidia RTX 3060Nvidia RTX 3050Nvidia RTX 2060Nvidia GTX 1660Nvidia GTX 1650AMD RX 6600AMD RX 6500 XT
ArchitectureTuringTuringTuringTuringTuringRDNA 2RDNA 2
Process nodeSamsung 8nmSamsung 8nmSamsung 8nmSamsung 8nmTSMC 12nmTSMC 7nmTSMC 7nm
Shader processors3584 CUDA cores2560 CUDA cores1920 CUDA cores1408 CUDA cores896 CUDA cores1792 Stream processors1024 Stream processors
Ray tracing accelerators28 RT cores (2nd gen)20 RT cores (2nd gen)30 RT cores (1st gen)N/AN/A28 Ray accelerators16 Ray accelerators
Tensor cores112 (3rd gen)80 (3rd gen)240 (1st gen)N/AN/AN/AN/A
Base clock1320MHz1550MHz1365MHz1530MHz1485MHz1626MHz2310MHz
Game clockN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A2044MHz2610MHz
Boost clock1777MHz1750MHz1680MHz1785MHz1665MHz2491MHz2815MHz
Memory speed15Gbps14Gbps14Gbps8Gbps8Gbps14Gbps18Gbps
Memory bus192-bit128-bit192-bit192-bit128-bit128-bit64-bit

A Variety of Generations to Choose From

The entry-level GPU marketplace in 2022 is arguably the most intriguing, as it spans three distinct generations of graphics cards on the Nvidia side, but really only encapsulates the latest one for AMD.

That’s not because AMD wasn’t competitive in previous generations, but because the general global GPU shortage has meant that Nvidia has kept some of its previous-generation GPUs around for much longer than expected.

That’s even led to it re-releasing new versions of those older cards with reconfigured memory. And there are both Super and Ti variants of some of the older cards that are still kicking around too, but we’re only looking at the standard models here to keep things relatively simple.

Although there are various memory configurations, and support for ray tracing and DLSS is peppered throughout these cards, there is a general ranking in overall performance.

It runs as follows:

  • GTX 1650
  • RX 6500 XT
  • GTX 1660
  • RTX 2060
  • RTX 3050
  • RX 6600
  • RTX 3060

Best for 1080p Gameplay

All of these cards are only really designed to play games at 1080p. Although you will get far greater frame rates and support for higher detail settings with the higher-end cards.

Ray tracing is supported by all RTX and RX 6000 GPUs. But, it’s not particularly viable on the RTX 2060 nor the RX 6500 XT and 6600. This is because they simply don’t have the ray tracing acceleration necessary for enabling it not to tank frame rates in supporting games.

It’s enough to see what the feature looks like, or in games where its implementation is extremely light or very well optimized, the option is there. But, for the most part, ray tracing isn’t a feature that 1080p graphics cards are designed to take full advantage of.

Both AMD and Nvidia offer some effective graphics cards for entry-level gaming, although Nvidia certainly has more choice.

If you’re just looking to play esports games and don’t mind lower detail settings, the GTX 1650 and RX 6500 XT are perfectly usable graphics cards, but you’ll get a lot more for your money at the GTX 1660 and above level. The RTX 3060 and RX 6600, in particular, offer true new-generation performance.

The other cards are great for playing older games, but are showing their age and don’t benefit from the latest and greatest features in the same way.

Mid-Range GPUs

Image of an AMD Radeon GPU against a dark red background
Image source: AMD

The mid-range is where AMD and Nvidia’s graphics cards get a lot more capable, offering both more and faster memory, a much greater number of shader cores, and much-improved support for higher resolutions and ray tracing.

They might be more expensive, but if you want to play AAA games at high detail settings and resolutions, then you’ll need to start here.

Nvidia RTX 3070Nvidia RTX 3060 TiAMD RX 6700 XTAMD RX 6600 XT
ArchitectureTuringTuringRDNA 2RDNA 2
Process nodeSamsung 8nmSamsung 8nmTSMC 7nmTSMC 7nm
Shader processors5888 CUDA cores4864 CUDA cores2560 Stream processors2048 Stream processors
Ray tracing accelerators46 RT cores (2nd gen)38 RT cores (2nd gen)40 Ray accelerators32 Ray accelerators
Tensor cores184 (3rd gen)152 (3rd gen)N/AN/A
Base clock1500MHz1410MHz2321MHz1968MHz
Game clockN/AN/A25424MHz2359MHz
Boost clock1725MHz1665MHz2581MHz2589MHz
Memory speed14Gbps14Gbps16Gbps16Gbps
Memory bus256-bit256-bit192-bit128-bit

Best for 1440p Gameplay

The Nvidia RTX 3070 is the king of this pile of cards, beating out the still-swift RX 6700 XT in most games and benchmarks by a few percentage points, and most notably eclipsing the last-generation GPU king: the RTX 2080 Ti.

The RTX 3070 is a 1440p graphics card that can do 4K gaming in some cases, even if its frame rates and detail settings might not be too high. The others in this section, however, are decidedly 1440p cards, and arguably at the lower end, high-detail and high frame rate 1080p cards.

Still, they can all handle ray tracing well enough that it’s something you can enable without fear of it degrading your frame rate to unplayable levels. Though the Nvidia cards can enjoy higher frame rates with it enabled, DLSS provides a much-needed boost in games that support both. FSR can help AMD’s cards too, but it’s not quite as capable.

There is the potential for the RX 6700 XT to be the better future-proofed card for longer, though, as its 12GB of GDDR6 memory potentially gives it more headroom for higher-end visual settings in upcoming games. The infinity cache used on the AMD cards also gives it a bandwidth advantage in some scenarios too, helping them punch above their weight in some cases.

High-End GPUs

Image of the top of an Nvidia 3090 GPU against a black background
Image source: Nvidia

The top tier graphics cards of any generation are exciting to behold and play around with. But that goes doubly so for this generation, where both AMD and Nvidia have released staggeringly powerful cards worthy of the most performative gaming PCs.

Nvidia RTX 3090Nvidia RTX 3080 TiNvidia RTX 3080Nvidia RTX 3070 TiAMD RX 6900XTAMD RX 6800 XTAMD RX 6800
ArchitectureTuringTuringTuringTuringRDNA 2RDNA 2RDNA 2
Process nodeSamsung 8nmSamsung 8nmSamsung 8nmSamsung 8nmTSMC 7nmTSMC 7nmTSMC 7nm
Shader processors10496 CUDA cores10240 CUDA cores8704 CUDA cores6144 CUDA cores5120 Stream processors4608 Stream processors3840 Stream processors
Ray tracing accelerators82 RT cores (2nd gen)80 RT cores (2nd gen)68 RT cores (2nd gen)48 RT cores (2nd gen)80 Ray accelerators72 Ray accelerators60 Ray acclerators
Tensor cores328 (3rd gen)320 (3rd gen)272 (3rd gen)192 (3rd gen)N/AN/AN/A
Base clock1395MHz1365MHz1440MHz1575MHz1825MHz1825MHz1700MHz
Game clockN/AN/AN/AN/A2015MHz2015MHz1815MHz
Boost clock1695MHz1665MHz1710MHz1770MHz2250MHz2250MHz2105MHz
Memory speed19.5Gbps19Gbps19Gbps19Gbps16Gbps16Gbps16Gbps
Memory bus384-bit2384-bit320-bit256-bit256-bit256-bit256-bit

Best for 4K Gameplay

These super high-end GPUs trade blows in most games, with the RTX 3090, 3080 Ti, and RX 6900 XT neck and neck in most cases; though the 3090 just pips them by a few percent points more often than not.

It is staggeringly more expensive though, so should only be reserved for those with the most bottomless of budgets.

For everyone else looking for a high-end 4K gaming experience, any of these top-tier GPUs will do nicely.

Ray tracing performance is better on the Nvidia cards, although the top AMD cards are no slouches. There are some games too, like Cyberpunk 2077, and Deahtloop, where 8GB and even 10GB of RAM isn’t enough for all high-end visual features and ray tracing, which can mean less than ideal performance on the cards without 12GB or more of memory.

For those who don’t want a PC that sips too much power, the RX 6800 is the most efficient of the group, while still offering top-tier gaming performance at any resolution, in any game.

Want even more information on what AMD and Nvidia have on offer in 2022? Give Chillblast a call to speak to one of our expert system builders, and they’ll be able to recommend you the best GPU for your next upgrade.

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